What is the difference between HACCP and ISO 22000?
The main difference between the ISO 22000 standard and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) is that the former focuses on and analyses all risks to form a structure that organisations can utilise, while the latter only focuses on food safety matters. This article analyses all the differences between ISO 22000 and HACCP. In another word, we are going to answer the question “What is the difference between HACCP and ISO 22000?”. If you are interested, don’t miss this subject.
What is HACCP? Is HACCP part of ISO 22000?
HACCP is a Food Safety Management System (FSMS) that was first developed in the 1960s by the scientists of NASA when they wanted to produce zero-defect foods for astronauts. Since its conception, HACCP in the last thirty years has been utilised by food industries to help control and prevent risks associated with food hazards, that can cause food to become unsafe, unhygienic and contaminated. Whilst this FSMS is used in several different industries, it remains applicable to any organisation involved in the food chain including anything from large food manufacturing plants to small home kitchens. The principles of HACCP are now widely-accepted and internationally appreciated! Just like ISO 27001, thereby, becoming a key legislative requirement for food industries across multiple countries.
There are seven basic principles employed in HACCP that help to initiate a food safety management system. These principles encompass hazard analysis, critical control point identification, establishing critical limits, monitoring procedures, implementing corrective actions, conducting verification procedures and record keeping.
What is ISO 22000? ISO 22000 VS HACCP
In the following of answering “What is the difference between HACCP and ISO 22000?” You must know about ISO 22000 certification. Approximately two decades ago, numerous standards had been developed in multiple national organisations across the globe, causing the world of food safety to become torturous. As a result, many companies started utilising their in-house codes of practice when auditing partners or suppliers. This was detrimental to international trade as every organisation had different criteria for auditing, making it difficult for suppliers to meet requirements globally. As a direct consequence of this confusion, International Organization for Standardization (ISO) developed an auditable standard for food safety management, leading to the birth of ISO 22000. As the standard provided defined requirements that applied to food producers, manufacturers and any other business involved in the food supply chain, it was quickly adopted by organisations around the world.
Here, it is important to note that the ISO 22000 standard is based upon the HACCP principles implemented by the guidelines of ISO 9001. The key elements of the standard that ensure food safety along the food supply chain are interactive communication, system management, unique pre-requisite programmes and the principles of HACCP. The standard also envelopes other principles which are a part of ISO management systems. These include customer focus, engagement of people, leadership, process approach, improvement, relationship management and evidence-based decision making.
As a compassionate manager, you should get important ISO certifications for your corporation such as information security management system (ISMS). If you intend to know about ISO 27001 certification cost, click on the relevant link.
What is the difference between HACCP and ISO 22000?
Novice managers sometimes don’t have sufficient information about international ISOs; They might ask “what is ISO 14001” from ISO consultant or “How much does the ISO 9001 cost”. What is the difference between HACCP certification and ISO certification is another important question too. Essentially, HACCP is a food safety management system that businesses can utilise, whereas, ISO 22000 is a food safety management standard businesses are required to meet. In addition, several more differences are listed below:
- The ISO 22000 standard enables an FSMS to be developed by external experts for any business, including implementing and verifying all activities involved within the system.
- ISO 22000 recommends utilising risk analysis to evaluate all food safety issues.
- HACCP uses the traditional idea of implementing control measures that fall into two groups, namely prerequisites and measures. On the other hand, the ISO 22000 standard has re-arranged these ideas by adding a group of control measures named operational prerequisite programmes.
- The ISO 22000 standard requires organisations to implement a monitoring system and plan corrective actions.
- The ISO 22000 standard requires outcomes to be analysed and approved after the HACCP principles have been implemented, evaluated and reported.
- Allergen control is not a necessity in HACCP, but it is a requirement of ISO 22000.
- A distinct requirement of the ISO 22000 standard is the continual improvement programme, where organisations are needed to keep their systems up-to-date.
- The ISO 22000 standard looks at the business structure of a company whereas HACCP mainly focuses on food safety protocols.
- The ISO 22000 standard analyses all possible food safety procedures, whereas HACCP analyses and prioritises the protocols one should carry out to mitigate risks.
- The focus of the ISO 22000 standard is on food processing, whereas HACCP focuses mainly on the quality of the food items that are being produced.
- The main component of ISO 22000 is food standardisation, whereas HACCP emphasises the food-making processes.
- The ISO 22000 standard has a business perspective, whereas HACCP only focuses on food safety.
Difference between ISO and HACCP
In this article we found out that the ISO 22000 standard is based upon the HACCP principles implemented by the guidelines of Quality Management System (QMS). That means you will need the ISO 9001 consultant for getting ISO 22000.
Food that is produced should be free of any hazards so that it is safe for human consumption. For the past three decades, the food-centric industries have utilised the guidelines by HACCP to help control, prevent and mitigate different hazards associated with food that can lead to unhygienic, unsafe, contaminated or poisonous food. Having ISO 22000 certification is not mandatory by law, but since it is globally recognised, the standard lends a lot of reliability and status to the organisation that acquires certification. Moreover, if you are trying to find out the answer of “What is the difference between HACCP and ISO 22000?”, it is helpful to remember that ISO 22000 is based on the principles of HACCP.