How Is HACCP Different from ISO 22000?
When it comes to food safety management, two of the most commonly used international standards are HACCP and ISO 22000. But what’s the difference between these two standards, and which is right for your business? In this article, we’ll explore both HACCP and ISO 22000, their similarities and differences, and help you determine which one is the best fit for your business:
HACCP, which means Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points, is a food safety management system developed in the 1960s by NASA and the Pillsbury Company. The system was initially designed for the U.S. space program to ensure that astronauts’ food was safe. Since then, HACCP has been widely adopted by food businesses worldwide.
The HACCP system is based on these principles:
- Conduct a hazard analysis
- Determine critical control points
- Establish critical limits
- Implement monitoring procedures
- Establish corrective actions
- Implement verification procedures
- Establish record-keeping and documentation procedures
HACCP focuses on identifying and controlling potential hazards in the food production process and ensuring that food is safe for consumers.
What Is ISO 22000?
ISO 22000 refers to a food safety management system that’s developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in 2005. It is a globally recognised standard that provides a framework for managing food safety risks. It is designed to be used by any organisation in the food chain, from farmers to food manufacturers to retailers.
Like HACCP, ISO 22000 is based on a set of principles:
- Conduct a hazard analysis
- Establish a food safety management system
- Establish a traceability system
- Establish communication procedures
- Establish emergency preparedness and response procedures
- Establish a verification system
ISO 22000 is focused on ensuring the safety and quality of food products. It is designed to help businesses identify and control potential hazards in the production process of food products.
What’s the Difference Between HACCP and ISO 22000?
While both HACCP and ISO 22000 are food safety management systems, there are some key differences between the two.
- Scope: HACCP focuses solely on food safety, while ISO 22000 covers food safety and quality.
- Implementation: HACCP is a set of guidelines that can be adapted to suit the needs of individual businesses, while ISO 22000 is a standardised system that must be implemented in its entirety.
- Documentation: HACCP requires detailed documentation of all food safety procedures. In contrast, ISO 22000 requires documentation of all food safety and quality procedures.
- Certifications: HACCP certification is not mandatory, but many businesses become certified to demonstrate their commitment to food safety. ISO 22000 certification is a globally recognised standard often required for companies exporting food products.
Which One Is Right for Your Business?
When deciding between HACCP and ISO 22000, there are a few factors to consider:
- Size of your business: HACCP may be more suitable for smaller businesses that do not export food products, while ISO 22000 may be more suitable for larger businesses that export food products.
- Level of risk: If your business operates in a high-risk sector of the food industry, such as meat processing or seafood production, HACCP may be the more appropriate choice.
- Customer requirements: If your customers require ISO 22000 certification, you may need to implement this standard to remain competitive in the market.
Ultimately, the choice between HACCP and ISO 22000 will depend on your business’s specific needs and circumstances. It’s essential to conduct your research and consult with a food safety expert before making a decision.
Both HACCP and ISO 22000 are internationally recognised food safety management systems that can help businesses identify and address potential hazards in the food production process. While there are indeed a few differences between the two, the choice between HACCP and ISO 22000 will depend on your business’s specific needs and circumstances. Whatever system you choose, it’s important to prioritise food safety and ensure that your products are safe for consumers.
Edara is a specialised consultancy firm in the industry and also provides construction management software solutions. Ask us about ISO 22000 certification today!